John Saunders reports: 21-year-old Russian GM David Paravyan, virtually unknown outside Russia until his arrival in Gibraltar and ranked only 22nd in a stellar field, stunned the chess world by winning the £30,000 first prize in the Gibraltar Masters after winning a tie-break against one of the favourites, Wang Hao, at the Caleta Hotel on Thursday. The tournament ended in a seven-way tie for first on 7½/10 after most of the top last-round pairings ended in draws. The six other players who tied with Paravyan – Andrey Esipenko (Russia), Wang Hao (China), Daniil Yuffa (Russia), Maxime Vachier-Lagrave (France), David Navara (Czech Republic) and Mustafa Yilmaz (Turkey) – received cheques for £10,500 each. Winner of the £20,000 prize for the best score by a female player was won by Tan Zhongyi, with Lei Tingjie (China) receiving the second women’s prize of £10,000. The best game prize of £1,000 went to Anna Muzychuk (Ukraine) for her last-round win against Ori Kobo (Israel).
Paravyan’s achievement in securing the much-coveted first prize in this most prestigious of open tournaments was as improbable as it was surprising, but fully deserved. “Very long day, very crazy games and a crazy match against Esipenko. I was very lucky today but very happy to win!” was the winner’s reaction in the interview room. Though nobody could quibble with his solid performance in the tournament, in which he might have scored still better had he taken advantage of winning chances, his very appearance in the tie-breaks owed a lot to the arbitrary nature of the play-off rules which stipulate that only a maximum of four players with the best TPR may take part. He was ranked fourth behind Esipenko, Wang Hao and Yuffa, and only a single TPR point ahead of chess’s perennial Mr Nearly (should that be ‘Monsieur Presque’?), Maxime Vachier-Lagrave, who was fifth in order, having won a very long game against Parham Maghsoodloo to reach the top score group.
Incidentally, I see there has been discussion online that the tie-break rules in Gib may favour those who have previously taken a bye (as tie-break qualifiers Wang Hao and Andrey Esipenko both did). If this is true (I’ve not had a chance to verify), then the rules need looking at for next year. Personally, I’m in total agreement with what Nigel Short has written about byes in super-opens. I believe they should only be for the convenience of amateurs who pay to play, may wish to take a time-out and are not in the running for big prizes. Players in the running for major prizes should not be allowed to take byes. Or maybe there could be some sort of prize money limit for players who take byes, tailored to the tournament’s budget – maybe a £500 maximum here in Gibraltar?
Then there was Paravyan’s nail-biting semi-final with compatriot Andrey Esipenko. Two games at 10+5 were drawn. The first was fairly even and ended with a threefold repetition, the second was generally better for Paravyan as White but he didn’t push too hard as he decided that discretion was the better part of valour. Two more games followed at 3+2. At this speed there were always going to be more ‘red moves’ (as players sometimes call them, after the red text colour used to highlight bad moves identified by the analysis engines on the Chessbomb site). In game one at 3+2, Esipenko could have had Paravyan on toast had he found 32...f5 rather than pushing the pawn just one square, but the win wasn’t all that obvious, certainly at that time limit. At the second game at this time limit it was Paravyan’s turn to squander a crunching win.
This led to the inevitable Armageddon. Paravyan had White, which players usually prefer not to have. Once again the unknown Russian (dubbed ‘the Russian submarine’ by festival director Stuart Conquest) steered through the choppy waters unscathed and unnoticed. If you look at the score on Chessbomb, you can see that it is littered with ‘red moves’ as the two young men’s nerves must have been shattered as they knew that the difference between success and failure was potentially around £20,000. When you look at the actual moves, they don’t look so bad except that Esipenko’s position was becoming critical from around move 15 and he never quite recovered despite some ingenious but increasingly desperate attempts to get back into the game.
Even having reached the final of the play-offs, Paravyan was still unfancied for the big prize. Surely the winner of the stratospherically strong Grand Swiss tournament last October would be too strong for him, we all thought. Also, the Chinese player had dispatched Yuffa 2-0 in the other semi-final and had been able to rest up while the two other Russians had to play three further games. If I were a betting man, I would have backed the tried and tested Chinese battleship, bristling with the latest opening weaponry, over the newly-launched experimental Russian sub, and I doubt any other pundit would have bet against me. But quick chess is a less predictable form of the game, and often young players can upset their elders and (rating) betters. Wang Hao was the first to make a big play to win in the fateful first game of the 10+5 rapids, but Paravyan matched his aggression and outplayed him to win with Black.
Play-Off Final, Game 1
Wang Hao - D.Paravyan
We’re approaching the point that, with hindsight, could be styled, the £30,000 moment. Or, more pedantically, the £19,500 moment, since that was the difference between the first prize and the share of second to seventh prizes. 23.Rad1 Analysis engines don’t like this move, preferring 23.Bg3, but it makes quite a lot of sense in the context of a blitz game with a long of money hanging on it. This is as much poker as it is chess. 23...Qxa2!? And Black decides to ‘see’ his opponent’s last gamble. Both players are being brave. 24.Nxh6 A matter of ‘having played A, you must play B’. Other moves and White has simply squandered a pawn. 24...Rxf3!? Not completely forced by any means but Black decides to see the thing through, confident that his king, though soon exposed, should be safe. 25.Qxf3 gxh6 26.Qf6+ Kh7 27.Rxd6 Again, White has no choice but to pursue his plan. 27...cxd6 28.Qxd6 Ra6! After 28...Qxb2 White has a draw with 29.Qc7+ Kg8 30.Qd6 Kh7, etc, but Black has now resolved to try to use his extra piece to win, despite the general looseness of his position. 29.Qxe5 Nd7 30.Qc7 Qf7 Engines prefer 30...Be8 31.Rd1 31.f4 is better, when 31...Nf8 is answered by 32.Qb8 keeping the queens on and threatening f5. 31...Nf8 32.Qxf7+ Bxf7 33.f4 a3 34.bxa3 Rxa3 35.Bf6 Ra4 36.Re1? Here White needs to resume the attack with 36.Rd8 Ne6 37.Rh8+ Kg6 38.Be5! when Black has nothing better than 38...Rxe4 39.f5+ Kg5 40.fxe6 Bxe6 leading to a draw. 36...Nd7 37.Be7 Rc4 38.Re3? Wang Hao suddenly goes passive and it is his undoing. 38...b5 39.Kf2 b4 40.cxb4 cxb4 41.Kf3 Nc5 Now Black is ready to launch his b-pawn forward, the game is up for White. 42.e5 Bd5+ 43.Kg3 b3 44.Re2 Rc2 45.Re1 b2 46.Bxc5 Rxc5 47.Rb1 Rb5 0‑1
In the second rapid game, Wang Hao was obliged to make a go of it with Black. He gained a slight edge as Paravyan made a couple of inaccurate moves, no doubt due to nerves, but it was nothing serious and the Russian steadily consolidated. Looking down my camera lens at Wang Hao (spectators in the room couldn’t really see the position on the board), I could read slight signs of disappointment on his face, plus a few barely perceptible shakes of the head. But, recalling that I had been the man pointing a camera at him when he won his last-round game at the Grand Swiss tournament last October, he was conforming to the Kipling ideal of treating triumph and disaster the same. Finally, he stopped the clock and offered his opponent a handshake and a smile. A fine sporting gentleman is Wang Hao.
Paravyan stood up looking slightly stunned, much as Wang Hao had in the Isle of Man. There were congratulatory handshakes from arbiters, me and one or two other spectators. He proceeded to the interview room, but was still too zonked to be able to make much sense. I imagine it will be a while before it all sinks in, but winning the Gibraltar super-open is a very big deal for a player, and a springboard to further opportunities, as I mentioned in a previous report. Rated just 2629, he’s perhaps not quite yet the complete package that Vladislav Artemiev was last year when he won the tournament outright in some style and went on to confirm his step-up in level by winning the European Championship, but maybe not too far short. It will at the very least be a huge confidence boost for his chess career and gain him the respect of future opponents. He seems a very pleasant and modest young man, and I’m sure we all wish him well.
In many ways it was appropriate that a Russian player should have won the tournament as the festival started and ended with visits from major figures in chess from Russia. Legendary former world chess champion Anatoly Karpov opened the tournament by giving a 29-player simul and the festival closed with a visit from the president of FIDE (World Chess Federation) Arkady Dvorkovich who attended the gala dinner and prizegiving.
The president gave a speech in which he recognised Gibraltar as an important centre of world chess and spoke of further cooperation between the international federation and the local chess organisation. Whilst in the press room he took a keen interest in what was happening in the tournament, and was visibly elated to be told that three Russians had qualified for the play-offs.
The winner of the other major prize, the £20,000 awarded to the highest placed female competitor (in addition to any other prize she may win) went for the second year in succession to 28-year-old former women’s world champion Tan Zhongyi (China). She secured it with a last-round win against the higher rated Maxime Lagarde (France) to reach a score of 7/10, which put her in joint eighth place in the overall standings and only half a point behind the seven players who tied on the top score. She is the first female competitor in the 18-year history of the Gibraltar Masters to win the prize outright in successive years. In second place in the women’s standings, with 6½ points, was Tan Zhongyi’s compatriot Lei Tingjie, who also defeated higher rated opposition, Azerbaijani GM Vasif Durarbayli. Lei Tingjie received a cheque for £10,000. The two Chinese players came to the interview room, where confident English speaker Tingjie tried her hand at being an interpreter while Tania Sachdev asked questions of the more diffident Zhongyi. It was a privilege for me to watch these three brilliant women players trying to handle an unfamiliar three-way, dual-language conversation, punctuated with laughter as they kept forgetting to pass the microphone to each other and generally getting confused.
The trophy and £1,000 cheque awarded to the best game played at the tournament went to the top-seeded woman player and former winner of the Gibraltar women’s first prize Anna Muzychuk (Ukraine) for her last-round win against Ori Kobo of Israel, featuring a veritable cascade of brilliant sacrifices.
A.Muzychuk (2539) - O.Kobo (2445)
1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Nc3 e6 4.d4 cxd4 5.Nxd4 Qc7 6.f4 a6 7.Nxc6 Qxc6 8.Bd3 b5 9.Qe2 Bb7 10.Bd2 Bc5 11.a3 Ne7 12.0‑0‑0 0‑0 13.h4 f5 14.g4 14.h5 has been played before, but the text has the flavour of a devil-may-care last-round punt. 14...d5 15.gxf5 exf5 16.exd5 Nxd5 17.Nxd5 Qxd5 18.Rhe1 Qf7 18...Qa2 crossed my mind, threatening mate in one, but after simply 19.Bc3 the queen would be left looking silly. 19.Bc3 Rfe8 20.Be5 Re6 21.Qf1 21.Kb1!? followed by c4 looks like a good plan for White. 21...Rf8 22.Qh3 Rh6?
Material is level and Black’s pieces apparently all well-defended, but White now uncorked a stunner. 23.Bxf5!! Qxf5 24.Rd7! Rg6 A queen sacrifice but capturing it is punished immediately: 24...Qxh3 25.Rxg7+ Kh8 26.Rg6+! and mate next move. 25.Qb3+ Kh8 25...Rf7 is met the same way. 26.Rxb7 White recaptures the sacrificed bishop for a net gain of one pawn plus a rook on the seventh. 26...Bf2 A mistake as White immediately demonstrates. Black had to do something about the monster bishop on e5 with 26...Bd6? though he’s still in dead trouble after 27.Qd3 Qxd3 28.cxd3 with an extra pawn, possibility of joint passed pawns if the bishops are exchanged, and h5 in the air. 27.h5!! Finely calculated. 27...Rg3 27...Bxe1 28.hxg6 Rg8 29.Bxg7+! Rxg7 30.Rb8+ and mates. 28.Qd5! h6 The point of the sacrifice is that, after 28...Bxe1, White has 29.h6! with a winning triple attack on the g7-pawn. 29.Re2 Rg1+ 30.Kd2 Bh4 31.Qd4 Threatening both Bxg7+ and the loose rook on g1, so Black hasn’t time to consolidate with 31...Bf6. 31...Rc8 32.Bxg7+ Kg8 33.Qxg1! It’s White’s turn to accept proffered material. She has to calculate carefully to ensure that her king can escape to safety after Black’s forthcoming retaliatory strike on c2. 33...Rxc2+ 34.Ke3 Qh3+ 34...Rxe2+ 35.Kxe2 Qe4+ 36.Kd2 Qxb7 37.Bf6+ discovers check on the king and wins the bishop on f4, after which the win of the game should be relatively straightforward. 35.Kd4 Bf2+ If 35...Rc4+ 36.Ke5 and, despite its exposed position in the middle of the board, the white king is safe from checks. 36.Rxf2 Rc4+ 37.Kd5 1‑0 Now the black queen can give check on d3 or f5, but in either case White can interpose with her bishop, discovering an attack on the black king, with fatal consequences.
After the chess comes the dinner, the prizegiving and the partying. Rather than me writing about these components of the festival, perhaps the reader would do better to look at all the photos that Niki Riga and I took, and the videos filmed by our film crew, and picture them for yourself. As always at Gibraltar, everything about the festival gives the impression of spontaneous fun, but there is an amazing amount of meticulous planning and preparation from everyone concerned in the hotel and the tournament staff over the course of a year so that all the competitors and guests can enjoy themselves to the maximum for ten or eleven short days. It’s not voted the world’s best open year after year for nothing. You could be part of it. Put next year’s dates in your calendar...